True crime researcher and writer Greg Fox shares his list of the most baffling unsolved murders from the Glitter Strip, a paradise where malevolence lurks just beneath the shiny exterior…
Will there ever be resolution for these victims’ families? Justice may one day be derived from the work of cold case squads, the advances in DNA analysis and genetic genealogy, and the interaction between law enforcement and the public, including those dubbed “web sleuths.”
Few serve truth in truth because only a few have the pure will to be just, and of those again very few have the strength to be just.
~ Friedrich Nietzsche
10. Gennadi Bernovski: Murdered on July 25, 2000
The murder of Gennadi Bernovski was an assassination carried out with military-like precision at a luxury residence in Benowa Waters. The crime grabbed international headlines, with the details playing out like the plot of a Cold War spy novel. Gennadi, 41, had arrived in Australia with his wife Svetlana in the mid-1990s. The couple quickly established the small-goods company Prima Foods in West Burleigh with two other Russian nationals. In his homeland, however, Gennadi was believed to have reached the rank of Colonel in a KGB military unit. He was a martial arts fanatic and frequented Jupiter’s Casino at Broadbeach.
On the evening of Tuesday July 25, 2000, Gennadi was ambushed at home; he was shot three times while taking out the garbage. He managed to crawl back into his home, yelling to his wife to call for help. But Gennadi was deceased by the time the ambulance arrived.
The initial police investigation had the killers entering the Sir Bruce Small Boulevard property at about 9:30PM, perhaps via a nearby canal using scuba gear. An eyewitness from a car parked in the street reported seeing two men dressed in black clothing, possibly dark coloured wetsuits. They were seen running from Gennadi’s home, getting into a car, and speeding away. However, investigators were quick to rule out this “frogmen” scenario, although they did admit the killing was highly planned.
Speculation on the motive for Gennadi’s murder varies. Did he have links to Russian organized crime? Or was there a serious falling out with his new business associates in Australia? It is hard to say. And it does not help that the local Russian community is not talking.
A possible suspect in the killing was named by police: Oleg Kouzmine. On his arrival down under in 1998, Oleg connected with Gennadi and invested heavily in a couple of business ventures with his fellow countryman. According to police, these ventures failed, and Oleg was none too pleased. Detectives later confirmed with AUSTRAC that substantial amounts of money had been moved through Gennadi’s multiple bank accounts.
Just a day after Gennadi’s murder Oleg was interviewed by detectives. He shared that Gennadi spoke often about being a former Mafia boss back in Russia with links to the Kalingrad and Yakutsk organizations. Five days later Oleg left for Russia to visit family and has never returned.
In 2003, Queensland Police issued a warrant for Oleg’s arrest based on a fingerprint found on a gate at the crime scene. Unfortunately, Australia has no extradition arrangement with Russia. Recently, investigative journalists from ABC tracked Oleg to a modest St. Petersburg apartment complex where he is believed to reside.
9. Michael Davies: Murdered on April 17, 2002
The daytime execution-style murder of local resident Michael Davies created shockwaves through the insular Paradise Point community in 2002. Michael, 54, was a commercial pilot by trade and an aspiring inventor. On Wednesday April 17, he was tending to business paperwork on the kitchen bench of his two-storey duplex when an intruder stealthily entered the premises. The assailant crept up from behind and shot Michael once in the head with an 9mm pistol. A neighbour later told police they heard what could have been a gunshot at around 11:20AM.
The killer allegedly fled the Esplanade address in a 1982 red Datsun Bluebird. The get-away vehicle was later torched along Sunbird Avenue less than 1km (.6mi) away. Two men were seen driving away from the burning vehicle in a late model burgundy Ford Falcon, with NSW number plates.
During their investigation, authorities discovered Michael’s Ballina-based company Brown House Holdings owed more than $900,000 to 108 creditors. This extensively expanded the person-of-interest list. In 2009, local detectives involved NSW Police Strike Force Tuno 2 and focused their inquiries on criminal elements south of the border. Most notable among these “criminal elements” were Sean Laurence Waygood – aka the Merewether Hitman – and his associates, as well as the Perish brothers of Leppington in Sydney, notorious for their Underbelly: Badness fame.
There was a big development in the investigation when a local boatie came forward with an extraordinary claim. He stated he was nearby the Broadwater foreshore the night before the slaying and may have been an eyewitness to suspicious movements adjacent to Michael’s villa. In 2016, this “Paradise Point boatie” (who asked not to be named) told the Gold Coast Bulletin he had been standing near the Sovereign Islands Bridge waiting to meet a “lady friend.” By sheer chance, he saw two men by torchlight, a large man of about 115kg (253lbs) and a smaller man, both approximately 50 years old. They appeared to be loitering in the shadows outside the front entry of the Davies property.
Within minutes a late model Ford Falcon sedan with two other men pulled up. They looked to be in their thirties and were clean shaven. After speaking briefly to the two men in the shadows, their car quickly pulled away and headed south down The Esplanade. Had the boatie witnessed a sinister pre-emptive meeting of the hit men involved in Michael’s murder? To this day, answers remain few and far between.
8. Margaret Rosewarne: Murdered on or about May 5, 1976
The abduction and brutal murder of Margaret Rosewarne played out during the carefree period of the mid-1970s against the backdrop of developing suburbia on the Gold Coast. The blond, vivacious 19-year-old disappeared after accepting a lift from a stranger out front of the El Dorado Motel in Surfers Paradise on Wednesday May 5, 1976. “Margie” was going to meet with friends that evening at the Gold Coast Hotel at Burleigh Heads. An eyewitness reported seeing her enter a turquoise or green coloured vehicle with curtains or blinds in the rear.
Margie’s purse was found in a gutter on Broadbeach Boulevard three days later, likely discarded by her abductor. After being missing for a heart-wrenching 16 days, Margie’s body was found in West Burleigh, in bushland off Newcastle Street. She was naked, lying on her back, and partially covered by tree branches. Margie had been badly beaten about the head, with the injuries to her skull suggesting some sort of heavy instrument was used in the attack. It could not be confirmed if she had been sexually assaulted. Police thought it possible the body had been dumped in this location two weeks prior. Margie’s denim dress was found near her body, but her underwear and shoes were missing. Loose coins discovered on the roadside near to where the body was located may indicate a struggle occurred.
Detectives feared there could be a psychopathic “Hitchhiker Killer” cruising the roads of the Gold Coast seeking out vulnerable young women. The state government quickly passed laws that outlawed hitchhiking, empowering police to give on-the-spot fines to deter women from entering a stranger’s car. Detectives eventually identified several similarities between Margie’s homicide and the Gabriel Jahnke and Michelle Riley murders from 1973, the case in the Number 2 spot on this list.
7. Robert Girvan: Murdered on July 30, 1993
How the naked body of Rob Girvan came to be found at The Spit around dawn on Saturday July 31, 1993, remains an enduring Gold Coast mystery. Spotted by fisherman on the shoreline just north of the Sheraton Mirage, Rob had clearly suffered abrasions and bruising. On examination of the body, the coroner identified a fresh needle mark on Rob’s right forearm. The toxicology report showed he had the drug Ecstasy in his system at the time he died. Rob’s cause of death was confirmed as drowning.
Rob, a former chef, was originally from Home Hill in north Queensland. He had been married for 15 years and had two children of primary school age. During the initial investigation Detective Inspector Kerrie Sullivan suggested Rob was living a double life. She added that Rob’s wife and family had little knowledge of his drug use, which included Ecstasy as well as other illicit substances.
Police believe Rob likely went to Main Beach to use or buy illicit drugs sometime after 7:00PM on the night he died. How Rob ended up drowning is open to debate. Did Rob die by misadventure? Perhaps he simply went for a swim while being under the influence of drugs and drowned.
However, the possibility he was assaulted and robbed and then placed in the water must be considered. What appeared like drag marks and an indication of a scuffle were found in the sand near where Rob’s body was located, suggesting he may not have been alone at the beach that evening. Also, Rob had driven his yellow 1979 Gemini sedan to Main Beach that evening. His car was recovered by police on Sunday August 1 at Mt Warren Park near Beenleigh; there was a large amount of sand found in the abandoned vehicle.
6. Colin Woodhouse: Murdered on December 24, 1992
While driving home from work on Christmas Eve in 1992, Colin Woodhouse, 30, was feeling the holiday spirit. The catering manager from Myer at the Pacific Fair Shopping Centre stopped to assist a broken-down motorist on Quambone Street at Worongary. When he pulled over, Colin was about 1km (.6mi) from his home in Fergus Court, which he shared with his wife and two young children.
The motorist in distress, however, had staged the breakdown. With the boot and bonnet up, the man was trying to lure a passer-by into stopping to help. On stepping from his red station wagon to assist, Colin was shot three times at close range with a .303 rifle. The Good Samaritan died at the scene, and the “broken down” car was eventually described as a 1980s Nissan four-door sedan, most likely a light cream colour.
Detectives considered if Colin was killed in some type of random thrill-kill scenario. They also investigated if he could have been specifically targeted by the killer lying in wait. Police investigated Colin’s property development interests with several Yugoslavians from down south. When that came up empty, they failed to find any other motive for a targeted killing. Investigators confirmed Colin had no known drug involvement, and he was a hard-working family man with no money issues.
The suspect had been seen standing alongside their cream-coloured vehicle on Quambone Street just prior to the killing. The eyewitness described the man as between 40 to 50 years old and approximately 180cm (5ft, 9in). He had a medium build, a tanned or olive complexion, short wavy hair, and an overall scruffy appearance.
5. Steven Milligan: Murdered on or about April 18, 2000
A young man living his best life leaves the family home for a leisurely walk and seemingly disappears. An extensive search ensues. Three weeks later, his body is found badly decomposed at the bottom of a water tower, no more than 1km (.6mi) from his home. What happened to Steven Milligan after he left his Cash Place residence at Oxenford on Tuesday April 18, 2000, remains open to speculation.
Steven, 19, was an elite level snowboarder who had recently returned from a trip to Canada. When found deceased, he was completely naked aside from one shoe and one sock. The remainder of his clothes and his other shoe were located nearby partially burnt. At the time, Oxenford was a fast-growing, family friendly suburb, but much of it was still remote as it backed onto expansive parkland reserves, bushlands, and quarries.
Police quickly ruled out suicide as the manner of death. Forensic tests also ruled out natural occurrences such as snake bite or lightning strike as the cause of death. In the end, the coroner was unable to offer an official cause of death due to the decomposition of the body.
On the balance of the case details, Steven’s unsolved death has myriad possible scenarios. Did Steven head out to meet someone that fateful day… someone who later became his killer? Back in 2000, the water tower by where Steven’s body was located was a place where local teenagers frequented. Or was Steven murdered by an unknown assailant during a routine outing… in other words was his death a crime of opportunity?
Detectives interviewed hundreds of people during their investigation, and they even travelled to NSW ski fields and the US to follow-up on leads. Unfortunately, police have never been able to establish any viable motive for the murder.
Detective Senior Sergeant Mark Procter from Coomera CIB told The Courier Mail in 2014 that the investigation, code named “Operation Fame,” was extremely baffling. He said, “It’s a real mystery how [Steven] died. He had a lot to live for and no one had a bad word to say about him.”
4. Iain Hogg: Murdered on or about March 10, 2002 / Charles “Slim” Johnston aka Frederick Rosson: Murdered on March 14, 2002
Maybe the most head-scratching case on this unsolved list involves two victims who did not know each other or share any friends or associates. Yet, they were murdered four days apart on the Gold Coast, most likely by the same perpetrators. So, what was the unfortunate link between the victims? Were they specifically targeted? Or were they the victims of random killers? Twenty years on and investigators are still searching for answers.
Iain Hogg, 46, was a bottle shop manager from Burleigh Heads. He was described by police as “a loner,” and he regularly frequented brothels in Tweed Heads. Early on the evening of Sunday March 10, 2002, Iain left his apartment by the Currumbin Bird Sanctuary with two unidentified males.
An eyewitness saw them entering Iain’s car, a late 1980s red two-door Toyota Celica coupe. Other eyewitnesses saw the men together later that night at Jack Evans Boat Harbour car park at Tweed Heads. Detectives speculate Iain was killed shortly thereafter, and his body was dumped into the Tweed River on the run-out tide. A large pool of Iain’s blood was later found in the car park by investigators.
Four days later, on Thursday March 14, retiree Charles “Slim” Johnston, 70, was at home on his leafy property on Pademelon Pass at Mount Nathan. He shared the acreage with his wife Moreen and their extended family. Slim, a grandfatherly figure to many, was in the process of preparing for a holiday to Emerald to fossick for gemstones. He had recently listed some items for sale in The Personal Trading Post, including a Czech CZ 75 compact 9mm pistol with ammunition. Slim was a firearms enthusiast and a member of the Canungra Sporting Shooters Club.
Two unidentified males arrived in a red Toyota Celica coupe at Slim’s property at noon. They had an appointment to view the gun and accessories, which were selling for $1000. The men met Slim in his shed at the rear of the property. Sometime later that afternoon, family members went to locate Slim and found him deceased, slumped against the wall of the shed. Police determined he had been killed execution style, shot through the top left-hand side of his head. The pistol and ammunition Slim had listed for sale were never located.
The red Toyota Celica coupe in question was found abandoned days later on Fifteenth Avenue at Palm Beach. Detectives confirmed it was Iain Hogg’s missing car, as well as the vehicle that had visited the Johnston property on the afternoon Slim was killed. Items left inside the coupe included a pair of sunglasses, a beanie, a bronze necklace, and loose ammunition that was linked to Slim’s murder.
Since 2002, police have been investigating if a pair of psychopathic killers were cruising the roads of the coast at the time, robbing people and killing them without prejudice.
3. Philip Carlyle: Murdered on April 13, 1997
This case has more twists than a Netflix true crime documentary. Philip Carlyle, 48, a marketing manager at an internet start-up, was murdered in 1997. Philip, an ex-pat New Zealander, was a married father of three, a regular churchgoer, and a wanna-be entrepreneur.
Philip was working at his desk at the Robina East Quays business complex on the morning of Sunday April 13, and he was later joined by his colleague and ATNET Pty Ltd director Neil Pentland. Both men were catching up on paperwork as Philip was set to depart for the US the coming Wednesday for an important business trip.
Neil left the Glenferrie Drive address at around 11:30AM, while Philip remained behind to finish up a few things. Later that Sunday afternoon, Philip failed to pick up his wife Gion from a church gathering at Reedy Creek. She called Neil in a panic, and he returned to the office at 6:30PM to look for Philip and to await the arrival of building security.
Philip was eventually found by a security guard slumped against the wall of a room in the building’s soundproof air conditioning plant at 8:15PM. Philip had four gunshot wounds to the head from a .32 calibre revolver. There was no evidence of a struggle or a break-in at the premises.
Initial investigations by police failed to find the killer. But a relaunched investigation by Gold Coast CIB almost two decades later homed in on a suspect. In June 2017, Philip’s business associate Neil Pentland, then 68, was charged with the murder. Neil’s friend John Hitchen, 66, a Reedy Creek mechanic, was also charged with being an accessory to murder and possessing an unsecured weapon. Detective Inspector Marc Hogan reported that technological advancements were crucial to the arrests. The new evidence was thought to be related to ballistics, including the type of ammunition used in the murder.
The trial was held in the Brisbane Supreme Court in August 2020. The prosecution outlined how Neil stood to benefit from Philip’s death through a $500,000 life insurance policy that covered both business partners in the event of the death of either man. This information was presented alongside evidence of their deteriorating relationship.
Adding to the intrigue, the Crown disclosed Philip had a secretive side. The Court heard how Neil had funded a business trip for Philip to the US, in part to oversee the successful launch of their website “Insureit.” However, it was alleged that Neil discovered Philip was involved in an online relationship with a married woman (referred to only as “Ms. Sinclair-Smith”) in the US. The pair had apparently planned to meet during Philip’s upcoming trip to take their relationship to the next level.
Neil’s defence argued the police investigation narrowed in far too early on the accused, and as a result the prosecution had presented a “desperately thin circumstantial case.” No murder weapon was ever located or tied to Neil. No DNA from Neil was found in plant room where Philip’s body was located. Neil’s barrister Saul Holt QC argued that after a 21-year police investigation “not any single piece of direct evidence” against his client had been uncovered.
Neil was ultimately found not guilty in the judge-only trial. Justice Glenn Martin mentioned in his ruling that he did not support the prosecution’s narrative that the supposed breakdown of the relationship between the men was a motive for murder.
Also, Gion Tansley, Philip’s wife, gave evidence that in 1997 she and her husband were intimidated by former business associates Philip owed money to. Gion recounted how two men had visited their house demanding money and had threatened her by holding a knife to her throat. She did not report this incident to police, likely at her husband’s insistence.
In his ruling, Justice Martin noted a significant number of angry creditors stemmed from Philip’s previous failed business ventures – people who could easily be considered alternative suspects. Seemingly prolific in business in the preceding decade, Philip had been the director of eight companies, all of which failed or went into liquidation. An unnamed source told the Gold Coast Bulletin in 2017, “[Philip] had a lot of enemies. A lot. People who had lost money because of him.”
Philip’s murder remains unresolved. In August 2021 Neil published Operation Carye: Trials and Tribulations, which provides an insider’s account of the justice system and those accused of serious offences. The memoir includes details of what occurred from the time of Neil’s arrest in 2017 to his acquittal at trial in 2020.
2. Gabriel Jahnke / Michelle Riley: Murdered on or about October 6, 1973
The oldest cold case on this list is a cautionary tale about the dangers of hitchhiking. Gabriel Jahnke, 19, and Michelle Riley, 16, were fast friends, and they enjoyed visiting pubs and clubs in and around Brisbane together. But their upcoming weekend jaunt to the Gold Coast was going to be a special one. The pair planned to visit the south coast to check out the burgeoning nightlife in Surfers Paradise and Coolangatta. Both young women were outgoing, blond, and attractive, and they worked together in the canteen at Princess Alexandra Hospital in Woolloongabba.
Media reports confirmed Gabriel and Michelle left from the Riley family home in Annerley on Friday October 5, 1973, at around 5:00PM for their weekend getaway. They were next seen at Petrie Bight, near the Brisbane CBD, around 10:00AM on Saturday morning stepping out of a Black & White Cab. Around midday it is believed they hitched a ride from the nearby Story Bridge at Kangaroo Point heading south.
What happened next on their journey to the Gold Coast has been open to speculation over the decades. An unconfirmed sighting had the pair at the Wallaby Hotel in Mudgeeraba early that Saturday afternoon. In 1974, at the Coroner’s Inquest into their deaths, it was reported the women were seen by a tick gate operator near Coraki, NSW, late on the Saturday afternoon. The man said the women were riding as passengers in a white Holden panel van. In what was a sensational piece of evidence at the coronial inquest, the witness said one of the women yelled out of the vehicle window that they were about to be raped. All that is known for sure is that at some point over weekend of October 6 -7, 1973 the women disappeared.
On Saturday October 13, one week after her disappearance, Gabriel’s body was discovered down an 8-m (26-ft) embankment on the southbound side of the Pacific Highway (M1) in Ormeau. It was thought that Gabriel had been deceased for a week. She was wearing a black caftan-style dress with a flowery Asian design across the top and a black bra. Gabriel was naked from the waist down, and her underwear was missing; it is likely she was sexually assaulted. Gabriel’s cause of death was determined to be skull fractures and trauma due to a blunt force instrument.
Then on Tuesday October 23, Michelle’s remains were found 12m (39ft) off the northbound lane of the Mount Tamborine Highway (today Waterford-Tamborine Road) – approximately 6km (just under 4mi) south of Logan Village. Her cause of death was determined to be a fractured skull. Newspaper reports stated that her skivvy had been pulled up around her neck exposing a floral bra, while the lower half of her body was completely naked. Branches were placed over Michelle’s body in a makeshift attempt to conceal her remains.
This unsolved double homicide is likely connected to Margaret Rosewarne’s murder, number 8 on the list. If you recall Margie was murdered around May 5, 1976, while hitchhiking on the Gold Coast. In all, seven women under 21 were murdered while hitchhiking in the Coast-Brisbane area in the 1970s; they all suffered serious head injuries, were likely all sexually assaulted, and, more often than not, little effort was made by the perpetrator to hide their bodies.
1. Christopher Nancarrow / Ann-Maree Kropp: Murdered on or about January 31, 1999
The vicious double murder of a young couple in their Springbrook home rocked the hinterland hamlet in 1999, and it tops the list of unsolved Gold Coast murders. The naked and slashed bodies of Christopher Nancarrow, 27, and Ann-Maree Kropp, 24, were found by friends on Monday February 1, 1999, at their rented cottage. The last time the pair was seen alive was on January 31 when they visited the Pacific Fair and later caught up with friends at Oxenford until 7:00PM.
The couple moved to the Gold Coast from Murwullimbah in 1998. Both victims used cannabis and Christopher was rumoured to distribute it to his friends and associates. At one time, Ann-Maree was believed to be a sex worker at Tweed Heads. Police thought the couple lived on the fringes of the criminal underworld and this was somehow related to their deaths.
The manner of their slaying was highly personal, even vengeful, in nature. The couple was savagely stabbed multiple times and stripped naked during the frenzied attack. Illicit drugs and other drug-related items were found scattered around the house.
After an investigation spanning eight years, homicide detectives arrested Allan Carnell, 46, a mechanic from Tumbulgum, NSW for the murders. Then in February 2008, Andrew O’Grady, 44, a member of the Northern NSW Chapter of the Nomads Motorcycle Club, was taken into custody and also charged with the murders. An eyewitness near the victims’ property claimed to see two unidentified men under the carport around the time of the killings. According to homicide detectives, mixed blood samples from a door and from a striped towel had DNA from both of the accused, linking them to the crime.
The two men went to trial in August 2011 before Acting Justice Julie Dick SC. Aside from the DNA evidence, the Crown presented mostly a circumstantial case. It outlined how the deceased couple had borrowed $10,000 from an associate to buy drugs and a car before they were killed. Most of the evidence seemed speculative at best, perhaps to fit the narrative of what police theorized had transpired leading up to the murders.
Defence barristers argued the DNA evidence presented by the prosecution was unreliable. Broader issues were argued about the veracity of the forensic testing procedures at Brisbane’s John Tonge Centre. After a month-long trial both of the accused were found not guilty. The jury came to their decision in less than three hours.
The question remains as to why Christopher and Ann-Maree were murdered in such a hyper-violent fashion. Did the pair’s supposed financial debt have actual links to bikies or organized crime figures? Perhaps the couple was involved in a broader drug ring and needed to be silenced. Or maybe the killings were entirely unrelated to the lines of inquiry police have pursued since the early 2000s. Sadly, it is impossible to uncover the truth without more evidence.
In 2011, former Detective Sergeant Paddy Fenely from the Gold Coast CIB sensationally told The Courier Mail that internal politics within the police force had upended the investigation. He alleged that members of the Homicide Investigation Unit “raided” their offices in 2007 and ordered them to hand over the Nancarrow / Kropp case files, and they were instructed not to investigate the murders or have any future contact with the victims’ families.
To learn more about these cases go to the Rewards page at the Queensland Police Service. And if you have any information about the cases contact Crimestoppers at 1800 333 000.
Greg Fox is a Gold Coast local – born and raised in Southport, Queensland. Greg is a graduate of Griffith University with a bachelor’s degree in Health Science. His interests include listening to true crime podcasts and researching lesser-known cold cases. He can be contacted through LinkedIn.
Interested in mysterious true crime cases? Check out our articles on the disappearance of Steven Koecher and the unsolved murder of Irene “Frances” Gibbons.
Rewards – Queensland Police Service (website). Queensland Government; Updated 4 November 2022.
Cold Case: Gold Coast police never caught killers of millionaire Russian murdered at Benowa Waters (online). Lexie Cartwright. Gold Coast Bulletin; 14 May 2016.
The KGB agent, the frogmen, and the hit: New leads in murder cold case (online). Mark Willacy & Alexandra Blucher. ABC Investigations; 18 November 2018.
Police offer $250,000 reward cold case murder of former KGB Colonel Gennadi Bernovski (online). Benjamin Ansell. 9 News; 15 November 2018.
Russian community silent on frogmen murder mystery of former KGB colonel Gennadi Bernovski on Gold Coast (online). Jeremy Pierce. The Courier Mail; 8 August 2024.
Cold Case: Gold Coast police yet to catch killer of pilot and inventor, Michael Davies (online). Alison Marks. Gold Coast Bulletin; 9 July 2016.
A witness tells of chance encounter with the hitmen involved in an unsolved Gold Coast case (online). Paul Weston. Gold Cold Bulletin; 28 July 2016.
Paradise Point man Michael Davies shot by assassin linked to his spiralling debt (online). Kate Kyriacou. The Courier Mail; 27 October 2012.
How a murderous empire was brought down (online). The Sydney Morning Herald; 18 December 2011.
Murdering Perish brothers – whose story was told in Underbelly Badness – in bid for jail time near family (online). Robyn Wuth. The Advertiser; 29 August 2012.
Vanished girl murder victim? (Bulletin Exclusive). Gold Coast Bulletin; 12 May 1976.
Missing girl seen hitch hiking – Report. Gold Coast Bulletin; 13 May 1976.
Handbag is only clue. Gold Coast Bulletin; 21 May 1976.
Behind scenes in probe – Maniacs ghastly chain of murders. Gold Coast Bulletin; 25 May 1976.
Drugs may have made killer. Gold Coast Bulletin; 27 May 1976.
Coast murder case costs mounting. The Courier Mail; 2 June 1976.
Cold Case: Mystery surrounds the 1993 killing of father and husband Robert Girvan (online). Jessica Elder. Gold Coast Bulletin; 6 April 2016.
Gold Coast Murder: Police launch new appeal after 1992 Colin Woodhouse murder (online). Brianna Morris-Grant. Gold Coast Bulletin; 13 March 2020.
Who murdered Gold Coaster Colin Woodhouse? (online). Kyle Wisniewski. Gold Coast Bulletin; 14 March 2020.
Cold Case: Police hold out hopes of solving murder of Steven Wayne Mulligan on Gold Coast 16 years ago (online). Jessica Elder. Gold Coast Bulletin; 30 July 2016.
Claims informant linked to cold case death of Steven Milligan on the Gold Coast (online). Jeremy Pierce. The Courier Mail; 8 January 2015.
Mystery of Steven Milligan’s death baffles police 14 years later (online). Jeremy Pierce. The Courier Mail; 3 May 2014.
Iain Hogg & Charles “Slim” Johnston:
Iain Hogg & Murder of Frederick Hugh Rosson aka Charles Alexander “Slim” Johnston – $250,000 Reward (online). Australian Missing Persons Registrar.
Police suspect killers struck twice (online). The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 October 2002.
Gold Coast cold case: Double murder riddle goes on (online). Jessica Elder. Gold Coast Bulletin. 27 August 2016.
Gold Coast businessman shot dead had deteriorating relationship with business partner accused of killing him (online). Ashleigh Stevenson. ABC News; 20 July 2020.
Neil Pentland found not guilty of murder of Gold Coast business partner in judge-alone trial (online). Ashleigh Stevenson. ABC News; 3 August 2020.
Murdered Gold Coast businessman Philip Carlyle was a New Zealand expat with big dreams of striking it rich (online). Jessica Elder. Gold Coast Bulletin; 28 June 2017.
Three charged over cold case murder of Gold Coast businessman (online). Greg Stolz & Jeremy Pierce. The Courier Mail; 27 June 2017.
Neil Andrew Pentland found not guilty of murder of Philip Carlyle. Sterling Law Qld; 2020.
Operation Carye: Trials & tribulations (website). Neil Pentland; 2022.
Neil Andrew Pentland acquitted over murder of Philip Carlyle in 1997 (online). Vanessa Marsh. The Courier Mail; 4 August 2020.
Gabriel Jahnke & Michelle Riley:
Gold Coast cold case: Who killed hitchhiking friends in 1973? (online). Alison Marks & Lucy Kinbacher. Gold Coast Bulletin; 13 August 2016.
Girls body mystery. The Courier Mail; 14 October 1973.
Murdered girl identified by dentist who fixed her teeth. Jim Crawford. The Courier Mail; 15 October 1973.
Second missing girl’s body found. Jim Crawford. The Courier Mail. 24 October 1973.
Christopher Nancarrow & Ann-Maree Kropp:
Cold Case: Anne-Maree Kropp and Christopher Nancarrow were brutally murdered on the Gold Coast in 1999 (online). Jessica Elder. Gold Coast Bulletin; 23 July 2016.
Drugs scattered throughout bloody murder scene: court (online). Amelia Bentley. Brisbane Times; 12 August 2011.
Former Gold Coast CIB detective Paddy Fenely claims investigation of 1999 murders of Ann-Maree Kropp and Christopher Nancarrow was compromised by internal police politics (online). Mark Solomons. The Courier Mail; 26 December 2011.
Pair acquitted in 12-year-old double murder at Springbrook (online). Christine Flatley. The Courier Mail. 3 September 2011.
Tumbulgum man on murder charges (online). Samantha Healy. The Daily Telegraph; 23 October 2007.
DNA evidence in Australian murder trial left in lab for years (website). Strange Justice; 11 December 2008.
Roadside riddle of injured girl. Paul Burke. Gold Coast Bulletin; 12 December 1980.
Vigil of hope for dying girl. Paul Wilson. Gold Coast Bulletin; 13 December 1980.
Christine wouldn’t hitch. Paul Wilson. Gold Coast Bulletin; 16 December 1980.